The message from this study is what we want to hear, but there is plenty of interest in the detail. The research was done in a small town located, appropriately enough, on Australia's Sunshine Coast.
Melanoma is a slightly tricky cancer - making a diagnosis is not simple, even for pathologists. In this paper a distinction is made between invasive and 'preinvasive'. Over the past 30 years pathologists have been more ready to label lesions as melanoma, which has undoubtedly affected statistics on the number of cases (but this process will not of course affect statistics on the number of deaths).
What should we do with these findings? If you lived in Australia, would you put sunscreen on your kids every day?